Now the slogan of the protesters in the “30 pesos revolution”, as it has been called, is that “it is not for 30 pesos, but for 30 years of abuse of power”. In the beginning, the protests were against the 1980 Constitution, with which Augusto Pinochet cemented a market-based political-economic model within the country’s economic system. Indeed, many of Chile’s socioeconomic and political imbalances stem from this Constitution.
The great shadow of Pinochet Probably, the agreement between Pinochet and the opposition to maintain the 1980 Constitution – albeit with amendments – was B2B Fax Database the foundation for the acclaimed peaceful democratization of Chile in 1990 and the guarantor of stability and But the Constitution also prevented a structural transformation of the country’s economic successes into a Welfare State based on distribution. Furthermore it limited the long-term development of a full-fledged democracy.
The architect of the 1980 Constitution, Jaime Guzmán, built regulations and legal and institutional norms that consolidated the political vision of the neoliberal socioeconomic regime at the end of the dictatorship. One of the most important “authoritarian enclaves” was the binomial electoral system, which effectively created a two-party system. For a long time, this system was dominated by center-left and center-right coalitions and excluded minority parties from political participation.